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Black holes are one of the greatest mysteries in the universe. However, appreciating one in action is something that has perplexed the entire population of astronomers in the world for more than 10 years, and that is that in 2005 the fusion of Arp 299-B was observed in the heart of the galaxy. The process created a strong flash that was initially believed to be a Supernova, but after years of study it was concluded that it was the flow of material expelled from the galaxy’s central black hole after destroying a star.
Supermassive black hole tears a star, an event never seen before in the universe.
According to Miguel Pérez Torres, one of the researchers at the Astrophysics Institute of the Andalusian Community, the effects of the formation and the way in which a jet of light created from the destruction of a star by a black hole has evolved have never been directly seen.
According to computer recreations and theoretical models based on these events, half of the energy generated by the destruction of the star is expelled into space, while the rest is absorbed by the black hole. This generates a bright beam of light that can be seen in X-rays, optics and ranges.
the universe and black hole
The researchers carried out an arduous task of research, using telescopes to look at infrared and radio telescopes, which also gave them the ability to achieve a resolution equivalent to that of a telescope the size of the earth.
The destruction of a star six times larger than the Sun.
Thanks to the monitoring, it was observed that the beam of light maintained a predictable direction to the energy stream, which went more or less one third of the speed of light, ruling out the possibility of a Supernova and leading to the conclusion that it was the black hole of Aro 299-B destroying a star with a mass up to six times higher than that of the Sun.
Researchers have never said that our galaxy has any black holes, let alone supermassive ones. However, the unpredictability of these events could mean that we should be alert, as they are capable of swallowing stars that are far larger than our star. A supermassive black hole could tear our galaxy apart.