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If there is one mystery that has gone from generation to generation, and the years go by and there are still unanswered questions, it is about the pyramids of Egypt. But who really built it, how and why?
The true builders of the pyramids of Egypt
Well, obviously, there were no video cameras when the Egyptians built the three pyramids of Giza, for each of the three pharaohs Keops, Kefres and Miscerinos. For this reason, scientists have had to gather clues about how these imposing monuments were built and, based on small evidence, suggest possible theories.
Over the last few decades, a series of new discoveries and studies have enabled researchers to paint a clear picture of this feat.
The first and largest pyramid was built by Pharaoh Keops who ruled around 2551 BC. Its pyramid, now 138 meters high, is known as the “Great Pyramid” and was considered the wonders of Ancient Egypt.
On the other hand, Pharaoh Kefren, whose reign began around 2550 B.C. is smaller than that of Keops but is on higher ground. Many scholars believe that the mysterious monuments that are part of this complex, and I am referring to the Sphinx monument, which is located near the pyramids, were built by Kefren and that the face of the Sphinx was modeled from it.
The third pharaoh to point to this club of builders to climb his own pyramid at Giza was Micerinos, who reigned around 2490 BC. this one opted for a smaller pyramid that was completed with 65 meters of height.
Over the past two decades researchers have made a number of discoveries related to the pyramids, including a city built near the Pyramid of Micerinos, a study showing how water can make blocks easier to move, and a papyrus found in the Red Sea.
How they achieved the perfect alignment of the pyramids of Egypt
The techniques used to build the Giza pyramids were developed over many centuries, with all the problems and setbacks that any modern scientist or scientist would face.
The pyramids originated from simple rectangular tombs known as Mastabas, which were being built in Egypt over 5000 years ago, according to findings by archaeologist Sir Flinders Petrie.
But one of the most important mysteries is how they managed to align the cardinal points of that era. For a long time it was said that the Egyptians used the shadow of the sun or the North Star to create the straight line, but this has not been proven. But experts say they could have used the fall equinox (where morning and night are the same length) to create the straight line.
However, they are theories since there is no record of construction or planning.
These discoveries have given scientists a better insight into how the pyramids of Egypt were built. The new findings add to all the knowledge of the last few centuries and the circle around the mystery is closing in more and more.